Elements are the individual components that make up a web page.
They generally consist of a start and an end tag, containing content in between, e.g.
Some elements, known as void elements, do not require an end tag and are sometimes closed within the opening tag by the use of a forward slash before the right hand greater than / angle bracket, e.g. <br />
Attributes can be assigned for most elements within the opening tag, such as: <p id=”myPara”>
Elements can also be nested within one another, e.g.
<title>My Page Title</title>